Nicole Martell-Moran, DVM, MPH, authored Pain and Adverse Behavior in Declawed Cats. Dr. Nicole’s article was published in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. Her research found that declawed cats were found to be more likely to have back pain, inappropriate litter box habits, and biting behavior. She states that the risks of chronic pain and adverse behaviors in declawed cats were increased whether the entire P3 bone ( the bone with the claw attached) was removed or which surgical technique was used. If a cat needs a toe amputated for medical reasons, then so be it! A life lived with a toe missing is better than no life at all. Please discuss these risks with your veterinarian before scheduling your beloved cat for surgery for declawing. The behavior you are trying to eliminate may be better than the one that results from a declawing surgical procedure!!!!!